NOTE: not just secularism in Europe but generally is also included.



‘Faith’s Comeback?: The Demographic Revival of Religion in Europe’

Abela, A.M. 1993 “Post-Secularisation: The Social Significance of Religious Values in Four Catholic European Countries.” Melita Theologica XLIV:39-58.
Alfeyev, Hilarion (2005, January). ?European Christianity And The Challenge Of Militant Secularism.? The Ecumenical Review, 57(1), 82-91.
Anonymouns, ?Secularism’s Persistence.? (1991, October). The Christian Century, 108(30), 962.
Bjork, David. “A Model for Analysis of Incarnational Ministry in Post-Christian Lands.” Missiology 25:3 (July 1997): 279-91.
Br?chon, P. 1999. “Integration into Catholicism and Protestantism in Europe: The Impact on Moral and Political Values.” Pp. 105-130 in Religion in Secularizing Society, edited by Halman, L. and O. Riis. Tilburg: Tilburg University Press.
Breschi, Danilo A New Humanism in Europe: Between Secularism and the Return of Religion (2007)
Dobbelaere, K. 1993. “Church involvement and secularization: Making sense of the European Case.” Pp. 19-36 in Secularization, rationalism and sectarism., edited by Barker, E., J.A. Beckford, and K. Dobbelaere. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Dogan, M. 1995. “The decline of religious beliefs in Western Europe.” International Social Science Journal XLVII:405-418.
Dogan, M. 2002. “Accelerated decline of religiouw beliefs in Europe.” Comparative Sociology 1
Fuss, Michael. “New Age and Europe: A Challenge for Theology.” Mission Studies 8:2 (1991): 190-220.
Greenham, Ant. “Secular Europe Won’t Take Our Gospel Medicine.” Evangelical Missions Quarterly 28:3 (July 1992): 292-99.
Halman, L., and T. Pettersson. 1999. “Differential patterns of Secularization in Europe: Exploring the Impact of Religion on Social Values.” Pp. 41-66 in Religion in Secularizing Society. The Europeans’ religion at the end of the 20th century, edited by Halman, L. and O. Riis. Tilburg: Tilburg University Press.
Halman, L., O. Riis, and I. 90-361-9740-6. 1999. “Contemporary European Discourses on Religion and Morality.” Pp. 1-18 in Religion in Secularizing Society. The Europeans’ religion at the end of the 20th century, edited by Halman, L. and O. Riis. Tilburg: Tilburg University Press.
Halman, Loek and Veerle Draulans. 2006. ‘How secular is Europe?‘, The British Journal of Sociology, Vol.57, Iss. 2, pp. 263-88
Jagodzinski, W., and K. Dobbelaere. 1995. “Secularization and Church Religiosity.” Pp. 76-119 in The Impact of Values, edited by van Deth, J.W. and E. Scarbrough. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kurten, Tage. “Theology and the Secular Fallacy: An Outline of Contextual Theology.” Studia Theologica 44 (1990): 137-48.
Lambert, Yves (2001): ” Attitudes secularistes et fondamentalistes en France et dans divers pays occidentaux“, Social Compass 48(1), 37-49.
Lechner, Frank J. 1991. ?The Case Against Secularization: A Rebuttal. Social Forces 69: 1103?1119.
Lechner, Frank J. 1996. ?Secularization in the Netherlands?? Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 35: 252-264.
Lodberg, Peter (2006, July). ?Ministries In Post-Enlightenment Europe.? International Review of Mission, 95(378/379), 359-364.
Meulemann, Heiner, “Beyond Unbelief: Religious Uncertainty and Religious Indifference in Countries with Self-Induced and Enforced Secularization,” European Societies, 2 (2000), 167-194.
Simpson, Theo. “Theology in Context.” Theology 95 (September/October 1992): 343-353.
Stark, Rodney and Laurence R. Iannaccone. 1994. ‘A Supply-Side Reinterpretation of the “Secularization” of Europe,’ Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, Vol. 33, No. 3, pp. 230-52
Van Tubergen, Frank. 2007. ‘Religious Affiliation and Participation among Immigrants in a Secular Society: A Study of Immigrants in The Netherlands’, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies (forthcoming)
Verweij, J. 1998. “Secularisering tussen Feit en Fictie.” Tilburg: Tilburg University Press.
Voye, Liliane (1999). ?Secularization in a context of advanced modernity.? Sociology of Religion, 60(3), 275-288.


Alexander, J.F. The Secular Squeeze: Reclaiming Christian Depth in a Shallow World. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1993.
Berger, Peter L. (1967) The Sacred Canopy: Elements of a Sociological Theory of Religion. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.
Campolo, Anthony. A Reasonable Faith: Responding to Secularism. Waco, Tex: Word Books, 1983.
Chadwick, Owen, The Secularisation of the European Mind in the Nineteenth Century. The Gifford Lectures for The University of Edinburgh for 1973-74 (Cambridge: CUP, 1975).
Cox, Harvey (1996). The Secular City: Secularization and Urbanization in Theological Perspective. NY: Macmillan.
Cragg, G.R. Church in the Age of Reason, 1648-1789. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972.
Dooyeweerd, Herman. Roots of Western Culture: Pagan, Secular, and Christian Options. Translated by J. Kraay. Toronto: Wedge, 1979.
Halman, L., and O. Riis (Eds.). 1999. Religion in Secularizing Society. Tilburg: Tilburg University Press.
Harkness, Georgia Elma. The Modern Rival of Christian Faith: An Analysis of Secularism. New York: Abingdon-Cokesbury Press, 1952.
Hunter III, George G.  Church for the Unchurched.  Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1996.
Hunter III, George G.  How to Reach Secular People. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1992.
Hurd, Elizabeth Shakman. The Politics of Secularism in International Relations. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008.
King, Mike (2007). Secularism. The HIdden Origins of Disbelief. Cambridge: James Clarke & Co.
Kosmin, Barry A. and Ariela Keysar (2007). Secularism and Secularity: Contemporary International Perspectives. Institute for the Study of Secularism in Society and Culture.
Martin, David (1978). A General Theory of Secularization. Oxford: Blackwell.
Martin, David (2005). On Secularization: Towards a Revised General Theory. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Montefiore, Hugh. Reclaiming the high Ground: A Christian Response to Secularism. New York : St. Martin’s Press, 1990.
Moore, Peter C. Disarming the Secular Gods: How to Talk So Skeptics Will Listen. Downers Grove, Ill: InterVarsity Press, 1989. 19
Norman, Edward R. Secularisation. New York: Continuum, 2002.
Norris, Pippa, and Ronald Inglehart. Sacred and Secular : Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Pearcey, Nancy R. Total Truth: Liberating Christianity from Its Cultural Captivity. Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway, 2004.
Stark, Rodney & William Sims Bainbridge (1984). The Future Of Religion: Secularization, Revival, And Cult Formation. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Taylor, Charles. A Secular Age. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2007.
Taylor, Charles. Modern Social Imaginaries. Durham: Duke University Press, 2004.
Taylor, Charles. Sources of the Self : The Making of the Modern Identity. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1989.
Taylor, Charles. Varieties of Religion Today : William James Revisited. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 2002.
Vovelle, Michel. The Revolution Against the Church : From Reason to the Supreme being. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1991.
Wilson, Bryan (1969). Religion in Secular Society. London: Penguin.
Ziolkowski, Theodore. Modes of Faith : Secular Surrogates for Lost Religious Belief. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.
Europe specifically
Brown, Callum G. The Death of Christian Britain : Understanding Secularisation, 1800-2000. New York: Routledge, 2001.
Chadwick, Owen (1975). The Secularization of the European mind in the nineteenth century. Cambridge University Press.
Dobbelaere, Karel (2002). Secularization: An Analysis at Three Levels. Bruxelles: P.I.E.-Peter Lang.
Dobbelaere, Karel. 1987. ?Some Trends in European Sociology of Religion: The Secularization Debate.? Sociological Analysis 48: 107?137.
Gilbert, Alan D. The Making of Post-Christian Britain : A History of the Secularization of Modern Society. New York: Longman, 1980.
Halman, Loek, and Pettersson, Thorleif. ?Differential Patterns of Secularization in Europe: Exploring the Impact of Religion on Social Values.? In Religion in Secularizing Society: The European?s Religion at the End of the 20th Century, pp. 41-65. Edited by L. Halman and O. Riis. Leiden: Brill, 2003.
Inglehart, R. (1990). Culture Shifts in Advanced Industrial Society, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Jones, Richard Foster. Ancients and Moderns: A Study of the Rise of the Scientific Movement in Seventeenth Century England. New York: Dover Publications, 1982.
L?chau, Peter (2004). Report on Surveys of Religion in Europe and the United States, Research Priority Area Religion in the 21st Century, University of Copenhagen.
McLeod, Hugh and Werner Ustorf. The Decline of Christendom in Western Europe, 1750-2000. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003 234pp.
McLeod, Hugh Secularisation in Western Europe, 1848-1914. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000. 399 pp.
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