(NOTE: See country specific section for more detailed history of individual countries) – History_of_Europe
European University Institute, Florence, Italy (includes links to histories of specific countries)
University of Washington History: Europe
Cornell history resources

The following also include sections on European history and/or specific countries history:

MCE European Navigator A multimedia reference on the history of Europe. Summaries, Articles and photographs about the history of Europe. Not all of the site is presented in English, although most summaries, captions and navigational features are. The photographs available under the “historical events” tree structure (on the left hand side of the page) are of particular interest. (annotation theirs)
Primary Documents
Euro Docs. ?Online Sources for European History, arranged by country includes selected Transcriptions, Facsimiles and Translations?
Prehistoric & Ancient Europe (at Euro Docs)
Medieval & Renaissance Europe (at Euro Docs)
Europe as a Supranational Region (at Euro Docs)


Articles (883 artciles and E books on history of Europe)
Akers, John N. ?Enlightenment.? In Evangelical Dictionary of World Mission, pp. 313-314. Edited by Scott Moreau, Harold Netland, and Charles Van Engen. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker, 2000.
Shaping of Western Europe



The Birth of Europe From John Chrysostom to the Conversion of Russia (AD 398-999)
Tarnas, Richard. The Passion of the Western Mind: Understanding the Ideas that Have Shaped Our World View. New York: Ballantine, 1991.
Cerutti and Rudolph, editors. A Soul For Europe: On the Political and Cultural Identity of the Europeans, Vol.1 A Reader. Leuven: Peeters, 2001.
Kalyvas, Stathis N., The Rise of Christian Democracy in Europe. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996.
A History of Europe in the Twentieth Century by Eric Dorn Brose (Sep 23, 2004)
A History of Modern Europe, Second Edition: From the French Revolution to the Present by John Merriman (Feb 28, 2005)
A History of Modern Europe, 2nd Edition: From the Renaissance to the Present by John Merriman (2004)
A History of Modern Europe: Volume 1 by C. A. Fyffe (Dec 25, 2000)
A History of Pagan Europe by Prudence Jones (Mar 12, 1997)
A Short History of Europe: From the Greeks and Romans to the Present Day by Antony Alcock (2002)
A Short History of Renaissance and Reformation Europe: Dances over Fire and Water (3rd Edition) by Jonathan W. Zophy (May 9, 2002)
An Intellectual History Of Modern Europe by Marvin Perry (Nov 24, 1992)
Contemporary Europe: A History (10th Edition) by James D. Wilkinson (Oct 10, 2003)
Europe A Cultural History by Pet Rietbergen (April 19, 2006)
Europe and the People Without History by Eric Wolf (Dec 3, 1982)
Europe: A History by Norman Davies
European History (Cliffs AP) by Michael J. Romano (Dec 27, 2002)
European History for Dummies (For Dummies by Sean Lang (Feb 4, 2008)
Kaplan AP European History, 2008 Edition by Martha Moore (Jan 1, 2008)
Medieval Europe: A Short History by C. Warren Hollister and Judith Bennett (Mar 2, 2005)
Modern Europe: Sources and Perspectives from History by John C. Swanson and Michael S. Melancon (May 22, 2002)
Modern European History by John R. Barber (Mar 31, 1993)
Modern European History by Birdsall S. Viault (Jan 1, 1990)
Postwar : A History of Europe Since 1945 by Tony Judt (Oct 6, 2005) –
The History of Europe by J. M. Roberts
The History of the Idea of Europe (What Is Europe?) by Pim den Boer, Peter Bugge, Ole Waver, and Kevin Wilson (Jun 30, 1995)
The New Penguin Atlas of Medieval History: Revised Edition (Hist Atlas) by Colin McEvedy and David Woodroffe (Nov 3, 1992)
The Oxford Illustrated History of Medieval Europe (Oxford Illustrated Histories) by George Holmes (May 24, 2001)
The Struggle for Europe: The Turbulent History of a Divided Continent 1945 to the Present by William I. Hitchcock (Feb 3, 2004)
Twentieth-Century Europe: A Brief History by Michael D. Richards and Paul R. Waibel (Aug 30, 2005)
Instant European History: From the French Revolution to the Cold War by Robert P. Libbon (1996)
Themes in Modern European History 1890-1945 (One World Archaeology) by Paul Hayes (1992)Russian and Eastern European History at
A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918 by Ian D. Armour (Feb 3, 2007)
A History of Eastern Europe Since the Middle Ages (East European Monographs) by Emil Niederhauser (Nov 5, 2003)
A History of Eastern Europe: Crisis and Change by Bideleux/Jeffri (Oct 12, 2007)
A Terrible Revenge, Second Edition, Fully Revised and Updated: The Ethnic Cleansing of the East European Germans by Alfred-Maurice de Zayas (May 11, 2006)
A Testament of Revolution (Eastern European Series, 13) by Bela G. Liptak (May 2001)
Atlas of Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century by Richar Crampton (Aug 12, 1997)
Between Utopia And Disillusioment: A Narrative Of The Political Transformation In Eastern Europe (Studies in Contemporary European History) by Henri Vogt (Dec 2004)
Caldron of Conflict: Eastern Europe, 1918-1945 (European History Series (Arlington Heights, Ill.).) by Edward D. Wynot (Jan 1999)
Capitalism and Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe: Assessing the Legacy of Communist Rule by Grzegorz Ekiert and Stephen E. Hanson (Sep 15, 2003)
Central and Eastern Europe, 1944-1993: Detour from the Periphery to the Periphery (Cambridge Studies in Modern Economic History) by Ivan Berend and Ivan T. Berend (Aug 28, 1999)
Central Europe and the European Union (Studies in Central and Eastern Europe) by Stanislav J. Kirschbaum (Dec 10, 2007)
Chronology of 20Th-Century Eastern European History by Gregory C. Ference (Sep 1994)
Decades of Crisis: Central and Eastern Europe before World War II by Ivan T. Berend (Mar 5, 2001)
Eastern Europe Since 1945, Third Edition (Making of the Modern World) by Geoffrey Swain and Nigel Swain (Sep 6, 2003)
Eastern Europe Since 1945, Third Edition (Making of the Modern World) by Geoffrey Swain and Nigel Swain (Sep 6, 2003)
Eastern Europe, 1939-2000 (Brief Histories) by Mark Pittaway (Jun 24, 2004)
Eastern European Societies on the Threshold of Change by Jacek Szmatka, Zdzislaw Mach, and Janusz Mucha (Jan 1993)
Education and Civic Culture in Post-Communist Countries (Studies in Russian & Eastern European History) by Stephen Webber and Ilkka Liikanen (Dec 7, 2001)
Encyclopedia of Eastern Europe: From the Congress of Vienna to the Fall of Communism (Garland Reference Library of Social Science) by Richard Frucht (Mar 31, 2000)
Essays in Russian and East European History by Leo Schelbert and Nick Ceh (Oct 15, 1995)
Ethnic Groups and Population Changes in Twentieth-Century Central-Eastern Europe: History, Data, Analysis by Piotr Eberhardt and Jan Owsinski (Mar 2003)
From Stalinism to Pluralism: A Documentary History of Eastern Europe since 1945 by Gale Stokes (1996)
History of the Balkans, Vol. 1: Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries (The Joint Committee on Eastern Europe Publication Series, No. 12) by Barbara Jelavich (Jul 29, 1983)
Nationalism, Globalization, and Orthodoxy: The Social Origins of Ethnic Conflict in the Balkans (Contributions to the Study of World History) by Victor Roudometof (Jul 30, 2001)
Religious Quest and National Identity in the Balkans (Studies in Russian & Eastern European History) by Celia Hawkesworth, Muriel Heppell, and Harry Norris (Dec 7, 2001)
Russian and Eastern European History: Selected Papers from the Second World Congress for Soviet and East European Studies by Germany) World Congress for Soviet and East European Studies (2nd : 1980 : Garmisch-Partenkirchen and Ralph Carter Elwood (Nov 1984)
Shaping Identity in Eastern Europe and Russia by Stephen Velychenko (May 15, 1993)
Sociology in Central and Eastern Europe: Transformation at the Dawn of a New Millennium (Contributions in Sociology) by Mike Forrest Keen and Janusz L. Mucha (May 30, 2003)
Surge to Freedom: The End of Communist Rule in Eastern Europe (Soviet and East European Studies) by J. F. Brown (Dec 1991)
The Bolsheviks and the National Question, 1917-23 (Studies in Russian & Eastern European History) by Jeremy Smith (Feb 15, 1999)
The Columbia History of Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century by Joseph Held (April 15, 1993)
The Eastern European Economy in Context: Communism and the Transition (Eastern Europe Since 1945) by David Turnock (Jun 5, 1997)
The Eastern European Economy, 1815-1989 by David Turnock (Jan 13, 2006)
The Emergence of the Eastern Powers, 1756-1775 (Cambridge Studies in Early Modern History) by H. M. Scott (Dec 10, 2001)
The New Elite in Post-Communist Eastern Europe (Eastern European Studies (College Station, Tex.), No. 10.) by International Conference the New Elite in the Post-Communist World, Vladimir Shlapentokh, Christopher K. Vanderpool, and Boris Zusmanovich Doktorov (Sep 1999)
The Price of Freedom: A History of East Central Europe from the Middle Ages to the Present by Piotr Wandycz (May 29, 2001)
The Return To Europe: The Reintegration of Eastern Europe into the European Economy (Studies in Russian & Eastern European History) by Alan Smith (Aug 5, 2000)
Eastern Europe: Politics, Culture, and Society Since 1939 by Sabrina P. Ramet (Mar 1999)
Surge to Freedom: The End of Communist Rule in Eastern Europe (Soviet and East European Studies) by J. F. Brown (Dec 1991)
East European History: Selected Papers of the Third World Congress for Soviet and Eastern European Studies by Stanislav J. Kirschbaum (Jan 1989)
Ethnic and National Issues in Russian and East European History (Selected Papers from the Fifth World Congress of Central and East European Studi) by John Morison (Sep 30, 2000)
East Central and Eastern Europe in the Early Middle Ages by Florin Curta (Sep 1, 2005)
Routledge Companion to Central and Eastern Europe since 1919 (Routledge Companions to History) by Adrian Webb (Aug 9, 2008)
Europeana: A Brief History Of The Twentieth Century (Eastern European Literature) by Patrik Ourednik and Gerald Turner (April 2005)
The Rebirth of History: Eastern Europe in the Age of Democracy; 2nd Edition by Misha Glenny (1993)
The Palgrave Concise Historical Atlas of Eastern Europe: Revised and Updated by Dennis P. Hupchick and Harold E. Cox (Sep 22, 2001)
Resistance and Rebellion: Lessons from Eastern Europe (Studies in Rationality and Social Change) by Roger D. Petersen (May 7, 2001)
Central and Eastern Europen History (post communism primarily)
Antohi, Sorin, and Vladimir Tismaneanu, eds. Between Past and Future: The Revolutions of 1989 and Their Aftermath. Budapest: Central European UP, 2000.
Arens, Katherine. “Central Europe and the Nationalist Paradigm.” Working Papers in Austrian Studies 96.1 (1996)
Arens, Katherine. “Politics, History, and Public Intellectuals in Central Europe after 1989.” Comparative Central European Culture. Ed. Steven T?t?sy de Zepetnek. West Lafayette: Purdue UP, 2001. 115-32.
Ash, Timothy Garton. History of the Present: Essays, Sketches, and Dispatches from Europe in the 1990s. New York: Random House, 2000.
Ash, Timothy Garton. The Magic Lantern : The Revolution of ’89 Witnessed in Warsaw, Budapest, Berlin and Prague. New York: Vintage, 1993.
Ash, Timothy Garton. The Uses of Adversity: Essays on the Fate of Central Europe. Cambridge: Granta, 1991.
Banac, Ivo, ed. Eastern Europe in Revolution. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1992.
Beaupretre, Gerard, ed. L’Europe centrale. Realit?, mythe, enjeu, XVIIIe?XXe siecles. Warsaw: U of Warsaw P, 1991.
Berend, Iv?n T. “German Economic Penetration in East Central Europe in Historical Perspective.” In Can Europe Work? Germany and the Reconstruction of Postcommunist Societies. Ed. Stephen E. Hanson and Willfried Spohn. Seattle: U of Washington P, 1995. 129-50.
Berend, Iv?n T. Central & Eastern Europe 1944?1993: Detour from the Periphery to the Periphery. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1996.
Berend, Iv?n T. Decades of Crisis: Central and Eastern Europe before World War II. Berkeley: U. of California P, 1998.
Berend, Iv?n T., and Gy?rgy R?nki. The European Periphery and Industrialization, 1780?1914. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1982.
Berry, Ellen E., ed. Postcommunism and the Body Politic. Thematic Issue Genders 22 (1995): 1-431.
Beyme, Klaus von. Transition to Democracy in Eastern Europe. London: Macmillan, 1996.
Bib?, Istv?n. Democracy, Revolution, Self-Determination: Selected Writings. Boulder: East European Monographs, 1991.
Bib?, Istv?n. Histoire des petites nations d’Europe centrale. Paris: Albin Michel, 1993.
Bucur, Maria, and Nancy M. Wingfield, eds. Staging the Past: The Politics of Commemoration in Habsburg Central Europe, 1848 to the Present. West Lafayette: Purdue UP, 2001.
Bugge, Peter. “The Use of the Middle: Mitteleuropa vs. Stredni Evropa.” European Review of History 6.1 (1999): 15-35.
Casmir, Fred L., ed. Communication in Eastern Europe: The Role of History, Culture, and Media in Contemporary Conflicts. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1995.
Crampton, R. J. Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century. London: Routledge, 1997.
Delsol, Chantal, and Michel Maslovski. Histoire des id?es politiques de l’Europe centrale. Paris: PU de France, 1998.
Don, Yehuda, and Viktor Kar?dy, eds. A Social and Economic History of Central European Jewry. New Brunswick: Transaction, 1990.
Halecki, Oscar. Borderlands of Western Civilization: A History of East Central Europe. New York: Ronald P, 1952.
Held, Joseph, ed. The Columbia History of Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century. New York: Columbia UP, 1992.
Hupchik, Dennis P. Culture and History in Eastern Europe. New York: St. Martin’s P, 1994.
Janos, Andrew C. East Central Europe in the Modern World: The Politics of the Borderlands from Pre- to Postcommunism. Stanford: Stanford UP, 2000.
Janowski, Maciej. “Pitfalls and Opportunities: The Concept of East-Central Europe as a Tool of Historical Analysis.” European Review of History 6.1 (1999): 91-100.
Kir?ly, B?la K., and Dimitrije Djordjevic, eds. East Central European Society and the Balkan Wars. Boulder: Eastern European Monographs, 1987.
Konr?d, Gy?rgy, V?clav Havel, Danilo Kis, and Claudio Magris. Central Europe. London: The Austrian Cultural Institute, 1998.
Konstantinovic, Zoran. “Variationen der Mitteleuropaidee 1848 und danach.” 1848 Revolution in Europa. Verlauf, politische Programme, Folgen und Wirkungen. Ed. Heiner Timmermann. Berlin: Drucker and Humblot, 1999. 367-79.
Lawday, David. “Central Europe: The Return of the Habsburgs.” The Economist (18 November 1995): 5-24.
Mar?cz, L?szl?, ed. Expanding European Unity: Central and Eastern Europe. Thematic Issue Yearbook of European Studies / Annuaire d’Etudes europ?ennes 11 (1999): 1-171.
Morrison, John, ed. Ethnic and National Issues in Russian and East European History. New York: St. Martin’s P, 2000.
Nielsen, Niels C. Revolutions in Eastern Europe: The Religious Roots. Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books, 1991.
Okey, Robin. “Central Europe/Eastern Europe: Behind the Definitions.” Past & Present 137 (1992): 102-33.
Okey, Robin. Eastern Europe 1740?1985. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1986.
Prazmowska, Anita J. Eastern Europe and the Origins of the Second World War. New York: St. Martin’s P, 2000.
Pusk?s, Julianna, ed. Overseas Migration from East-Central and Southeastern Europe, 1880?1940. Budapest: Akad?miai, 1990.
Rosenberg, Tina. The Haunted Land: Facing Europe’s Ghosts after Communism. New York: Vintage, 1996.
Rothschild, Joseph. Return to Diversity: A Political History of East Central Europe since World War II. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1993.
Rozman, Gilbert, et al., eds. Dismantling Communism. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1992.
Rupnik, Jacques. The Other Europe. New York: Schocken Books, 1989.
Salamander, Rachel, ed. The Jewish World of Yesterday, 1860?1938. New York: Rizzoli, 1992.
Sch?pflin, George, and Nancy Wood, eds. In Search of Central Europe. Cambridge: Polity P, 1989.
Selbourne, David. Death of the Dark Hero?Eastern Europe 1987-90. London: Jonathan Cape, 1990. 264 pp. ISBN: 0224027921.
Stokes, Gale. The Walls Came Tumbling Down: The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Sussex, Roland. Culture and Nationalism in Nineteenth-Century Eastern Europe. Columbus: Slavica, 1985.
T?gil, Sven, ed. Regions in Central Europe: The Legacy of History. West Lafayette: Purdue UP, 1999.
Teichova, Alice, ed. Central Europe in the Twentieth Century: An Economic History Perspective. Brookfield: Ashgate, 1997.
Turnock, David. Eastern Europe: An Historical Geography, 1815?1945. London: Routledge, 1989.
Valiani, Leo. The End of Austria-Hungary. Trans. Eric Mosbacher. New York: Knopf, 1973.
Wandycz, Piotr S. The Price of Freedom: A History of East Central Europe from the Middle Ages to the Present. New York: Routledge, 1992.
NOTE: For history of specific European countries see / country specific / section for links, articles, and additional books.
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