To Roma (Gypsies)

NOTE: much more than just outreach to, includes their history, culture, language etc.


American Gypsy – USA
Ethnologue report for Romani
European Roma Rights Center – Hungary
European Roma Rights Centre
General History of the Roma
Gypsies in the Holocaust
History of the Romani people
Languagehat.Com: Romani Links.
List of Romani groups
Roma in Spain
Roma music
Roma people of Hungary
Roma society and culture
Romani language
romani linguistics Project Manchester
Romani people (Wikiapedia – Great article with many other links)
Romani World – Belgium
Romani language
Romani Language
Romany Language Software and Products
The Scottish Gypsies of Scotland
The traditional life of the Roma
Timeline of Romani history


Genocide of European Roma (Gypsies), 1939-1945
Roma (Gypsies) In Prewar Europe
Roma in Germany (pre war persecution)
Romani (BBC)
Romani Grammar (“Macedonian” dialect)

Gypsies, The World’s Outsiders.” National Geographic, April 2001, 72-101.
Germany Reaches Deal to Deport Thousands of Gypsies to Romania,Migration World Magazine, Nov-December 1992.
Gresham, D; et al. (2001). “Origins and divergence of the Roma (Gypsies).” American Journal of Human Genetics. 69(6), 1314-1331.
O’Nions. Helen The Marginalisation of Gypsies
Silverman, Carol. “Persecution and Politicization: Roma (Gypsies) of Eastern Europe.” Cultural Survival Quarterly, Summer 1995.
Tong, Diane Gypsies: A Multidisciplinary Annotated Bibliography Slavic Review, Vol. 55, No. 4 (Winter, 1996), pp. 893-894
Turner, Ralph L. (1926) The Position of Romani in Indo-Aryan. In: Journal of the Gypsy Lore Society 3rd Ser. 5/4, pp. 145–188.


Achim, Viorel (2004). The Roma in Romanian History. Budapest: Central European University Press.
Acton, Thomas and Gary Monday (Edited by) Romani Culture and Gypsy Identity Hatfield, Hertfordshire: University of Hertfordshire Press. 1997
Acton, Thomas (Edited by) Scholarship and the Gypsy Struggle: Commitment in Romani Studies . Hatfield, Hertfordshire: University of Hertfordshire Press. 2000
Acton, Thomas (Edited by) Gypsy Politics and Traveller Identity Hertfordshire: University of Hertfordshire Press. 1997
Acton, Thomas and Kenrick, Donald. Romani Rokkeripen To-Divvus: The English Romani Dialect and Its Contemporary Social, Educational and Linguistic Standing (Romanestan Publications, 1984)
Alt, Betty and Silvia Folts Weeping Violins: The Gypsy Tragedy in Europe . Kirksville, MO: Thomas Jefferson University Press. 1996
Bakker, Peter and Hristo Kyuchukov What is the Romani language?
Bancroft, Angus Roma And Gypsy – Travellers In Europe: Modernity, Race, Space And Exclusion (Research in Migration and Ethnic Relations) (Mar 2005)
Barannikov, A. P. The Ukrainian and South Russian Gypsy Dialects. Leningrad: Publishing Office of the Academy. 1934
Barany, Zoltan The East European Gypsies: Regime Change, Marginality, and Ethnopolitics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2002
Bartosz, Adam. The Gypsies: History and Culture. Tarnow: Ethnographical Museum, 1993.
Belton, Brian A. Gypsy and Traveller Ethnicity: The Social Generation of an Ethnic Phenomenon (Dec 2, 2004)
Belton, Brian A. Questioning Gypsy Identity: Ethnic Narratives in Britain and America (April 2005)
Benites, Arlene K. Gypsies: Their Health and Life Events (ABBE Publications, 1998)
Bercovici, Konrad. Gypsies: Their Life, Lore, and Legends 1988.
Bercovici, Konrad. The Gypsies In Romania (Dec 8, 2005)
Bercovici, Konrad. The Gypsies In Spain (Dec 8, 2005)
Bercovici, Konrad. 1928 The Story of the Gypsies. New York: Cosmopolitan Book Corporation.
Bhopal, Kalwant and Martin Myers. Insiders, Outsiders and Others: Gypsies and Identity
Boretzky, Norbert, and Igla, Birgit. Wörterbuch Romani Deutsch Englisch (Harrassowitz Verlag, 1994)
Borrow, George The Zincali – An Account of the Gypsies of Spain (Oct 26, 2007)
Brown, Irving. Gypsy Fires in America: A Narrative of Life Among the Romanies of the United States and Canada. New York: Harper and Brothers Publishers. 1924.
Cahn, Claude (Edited by). Roma Rights: Race, Justice, and Strategies for Equality. New York: International Debate Education Association. 2002.
Cannon, Jon. The Travellers of Thistlebrook: An Introduction. London: Emergency Exit Arts/Interchange Books. 1989
Charnon-Deutsch, Lou. The Spanish Gypsy: The History of a European Obsession (April 2004)
Clark, Colin and Margaret Greenfields. Here to Stay: The Gypsies and Travellers of Britain
Clebert, Jean-Paul The Gypsies. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books Inc. 1963.
Cohn, Warner. The Gypsies. Reading, Mass: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. 1973
Crowe, David M. A History of the Gypsies of Eastern Europe and Russia New York: St. Martin’s Griffin. 1994
Crowe, David M. and John Kolsti. The Gypsies of Eastern Europe. Arkmonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe. 1991
Davies, Jennifer. Tales Old Gypsies (Country Tales) (Jul 2001)
De Soto, Hermine. Roma and Egyptians in Albania: From Social Exclusion to Social Inclusion. Washington, DC, USA: World Bank Publications, 2005.
Druts, Yefim, Alexei Gessler, and James Riordan Russian Gypsy Tales (International Folk Tales Series) (2002)
Feher, Gyorgy. Struggling for Ethnic Identity: The Gypsies of Hungary (Human Rights Watch, 1993)
Ficowski, Jerzy The Gypsies in Poland: History and customs (1989)
Fings, Karola, Herbert Heuss, Frank Sparing, and Donald Kenrick The Gypsies during the Second World War: Volume 1: From Race Science to the Camps (Interface Collection) (Oct 1, 1997)
Fonseca, Isabel. Bury Me Standing: The Gypsies and Their Journey. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. 1995
Fraser, Angus. The Gypsies (The Peoples of Europe). Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. 1992
Gay Y Blasco, Paloma. Gypsies in Madrid: Sex, Gender and the Performance of Identity. Oxford: Berg. 1999
Greenfield, Howard. Gypsies (Crown Publishers, 1977)
Griffin, Christopher. Nomads under the Westway: Irish Travellers, Gypsies and Other Traders in West London (Mar 1, 2008)
Groome, Francis Hindes. Gypsy Folk-Tales (Nov 30, 2005)
Gropper, Rena C. Gypsies in the City: Culture Patterns and Survival. Princeton, NJ: The Darwin Press. 1975
Guy, Will (Edited by) Between past and future: The Roma of Central and Eastern Europe. Hatfield, Hertfordshire: University of Hertfordshire Press. 2001
Hancock, Ian The Pariah Syndrome: An Account of Gypsy Slavery and Persecution . Ann Arbor, MI: Karoma Publishers, Inc. 1987
Hancock, Ian We are the Romani People
Hancock, Ian. A Handbook of Vlax Romani (Slavica, 1995) (grammar)
Helsinki Watch. Struggling for Ethnic Identity: Czechoslovakia’s Endangered Gypsies. New York, 1991.
Heuss, Sparing, Fings and Asséo. From “Race Science” to the Camps: Volume 1 of The Gypsies during the Second World War
Human Rights Watch/Helsinki Watch. Destroying Ethnic Identity: The Persecution of Gypsies in Romania (Human Rights Watch, 1991)
Human Rights Watch/Helsinki Watch. Destroying Ethnic Identity: The Gypsies of Bulgaria (Human Rights Watch, 1991)
Human Rights Watch/Helsinki Watch. Rights Denied: The Roma of Hungary (Human Rights Watch, 1996)
Ioanid, Radu. The Holocaust in Romania : The Destruction of Jews and Gypsies Under the Antonescu Regime, 1940-1944 (Ivan R Dee, Inc., 1999)
Kendrick, Donald Gypsies: From the Ganges to the Thames
Kendrick, Donald Historical Dictionary of the Gypsies (Romanies) (Historical Dictionaries of Peoples and Cultures). Lanham, MD: The Scarecrow Press, Inc. 2007
Kendrick, Donald and Grattan Puxon. The Destiny of Europe’s Gypsies. New York: Basic Books, Inc. Publishers. 1972.
Kenrick, Donald and Clark, Colin. Moving On: The Gypsies and Travellers of Britain (Hertfordshire Press, 1999).
Kenrick, Donald, Sian Bakewell, and Saun Bakewell On the Verge: the Gypsies of England (Feb 1995)
Kenrick, Donald, and Puxon, Grattan. Gypsies under the Swastika (Hertfordshire Press, 1995).
Kenrick, Donald. Gypsies from India to the Mediterranean (CRDP, 1993)
Koudelka, Josef. Gypsies (Aperature Foundation, 1992)
Kuznetsova, Ljalja. Gypsies: Free Spirits of the Open Steppe. London: Thames and Hudson Ltd. 1998
Lackova, Ilona A False Dawn: My life as a Gypsy Woman in Slovakia. Hatfield, Hertfordshire: University of Hertfordshire Press. 1999
Lee, Patrick Jasper. We Borrow the Earth (Thorsons Publishers, 2000) (first hand description of culture)
Lee, Ronald. Learn Romani: Das-duma Rromanes
Leland, Charles G. The English Gipsies and Their Language. London: Trübner & Co., 1873.
Leland, Charles G. The Gypsies (Jan 7, 2008)
Leland, Charles Godfrey. Gypsy Sorcery and Fortune Telling. Edison, NJ: Castle Books. 1995
Lemon, Alaina. Between Two Fires: Gypsy Performance and Romani Memory from Pushkin. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. 2000.
Lemon, Alaina. Between Two Fires: Gypsy Performance and Romani Memory from Pushkin to Post-Socialism. Durham: Duke University Press. 2000.
Lewy, Guenter. The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies (May 24, 2001)
Liegeois, Jean-Pierre and P. Liegeois. Roma, Gypsies, Travellers (Jun 1994)
Liegeois, Jean-Pierre. Gypsies: An Illustrated History . London: Al Saqi Books. 2006
Liegeois, Jean-Pierre. Roma Gypsies: a European Minority (Minority Rights Group, 1995)
Locke, Sue. Travelling Light: The Remarkable Story of Gypsy Revival (Hodder and Stoughton, 1997) Gypsy Christian Revival Movement in the UK.
Lockwood, William and Salo, Sheila. Gypsies and Travelers in North America, An Annotated Bibliography(Gypsy Lore Society, 1994)
Lucassen, Leo, Wim Willems and Annemarie Cottaar. Gypsies and Other Itinerant Groups: A Socio-Historical Approach. New York: St Martin’s Press. 1998
Margalit, Gilad. Germany and Its Gypsies: A Post-Auschwitz Ordeal. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press. 2002.
Marushiakova, Elena and Popov, Vesselin. Gypsies (Roma) in Bulgaria(Peter Lang Verlag, 1997).
Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov. Gypsies in the Ottoman Empire: A contribution to the history of the Balkans. Hatfield, Hertfordshire: University of Hertfordshire Press. 2001.
Matras, Yaron. Romani: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2002.
Matras, Yaron (ed.). Romani in Contact: The History, Structure and Sociology of a Language (John Benjamins Publishing, 1995)
Mayall, David. English Gypsies and State Policies
Mayall, David. Gypsy-Travellers in Nineteenth-Century Society Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1988.
Mayall, David. Gypsy Identities, 1500-2000: From Egipcyans and Moon-men to the Ethnic Romany. London: Routledge. 2004.
McDowell, Bart and Bruce Dale. Gypsies: Wanderers of the World (National Geographic Special Publications). Washington: National Geographic Society. 1970.
McLane, Merril F. Proud Outcasts: The Gypsies of Spain (Carderock Press, 1987)
Moreau, Roger. The Rom: Walking in the Paths of the Gypsies (Feb 2, 2002)
Muller-Hill, Benno. Murderous Science: Elimination by Scientific Selection of Jews, Gypsies, and Others in Germany, 1933-1945(Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 1997)
Nemeth, David J. The Gypsy-American: An Ethnogeographic Study. Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press. 2002.
Okely, Judith. The Traveller-Gypsies (Changing Culture Series) . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1983.
Pohren, Donn. A way of life.
Postma, Koos. Changing Prejudice in Hungary: A Study on the Collapse of State Socialism and its Impact on Prejudice against Gypsies and Jews (ICS) 1993.
Postma, Koos. Changing Prejudice in Hungary: Study in the Collapse of State Socialism and its Impact on Prejudice Against Gypsies and Jews(Thesis Publishers, 1996) ISBN: 9051703805.
Proctor, Edward. Gypsy Dialects: A selective annotated bibliography of materials for the practical study of Romani
Pym, Richard. The Gypsies of Early Modern Spain (Mar 20, 2007)
Quintana, Bertha B. and Lois Gray Floyd. Qué Gitano! Gypsies of Southern Spain. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc. 1972.
Ramati, Alexander. And the Violins Stopped Playing: A Story of the Gypsy Holocaust(Franklin Watts, 1986)
Randhawa, T. S. The Last Wanderers: Nomads and Gypsies of India (University of Washington Press, 1996)
Rehfisch, Farnham (Edited by). Gypsies, Tinkers, and Other Travellers. New York: Academic Press Inc. 1975.
Ringold, Dena. Roma & the Transition in Central & Eastern Europe: Trends & Challenges. Washington, DC, USA: World Bank, 2000.
Riordan, James. Russian Gypsy Tales (Interlink, 1992)
Roberts, Samuel. The Gypsies: Their Origin, Continuance, and Destination. London: Longman, 4th edition, 1842.
Rosenberg, Otto. A Gypsy in Auschwitz. (Hidden Places Pub, 1999)
Salo, Matt T. Ed. 100 Years Of Gypsy Studies
Sampson, John. The Wind On the Heath – A Gypsy Anthology (Romany History Series) (Romany History Series) (Jul 1, 2005)
Sharp, Anne Wallace. Indigenous Peoples of the World – The Gypsies (Indigenous Peoples of the World) (2002) (for children)
Sibley, David. Outsiders in Urban Societies(Blackwell, 1981)
Slavov, Atanas. Gypsy-English/English-Gypsy Concise Dictionary (Concise Dictionaries) (Sep 1999) (“Bulgarian” dialet)
Starkie, Walter. Raggle-Taggle: Adventures with a Fiddle in Hungry and Roumania. London: John Murray. 1933.
Stewart, Michael, John Comaroff, and Pierre Bourdieu. The Time of the Gypsies (Studies in the Ethnographic Imagination) (May 1, 1998)
Strom, Yale. Uncertain Roads: Searching for the Gypsies (Four Winds Press, 1993) (descriptions of what it is like to be a Rom in Europe today – 1992)
Sutherland, Anne. Gypsies: The Hidden Americans. New York: The Free Press. 1975.
Sway, Marlene. Familiar Strangers: Gypsy Life in America. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press. 1988.
Tebbutt, Susan (Ed.). Sinti and Roma in German-Speaking Society and Literature. Oxford: Berghahn. 1998.
Tebbutt, Susan (Ed.). Sinti and Roma: Gypsies in German-Speaking Society and Literature. New York: Berghahn Books. 1998.
Tomasevic, Nebojsa, and Rajko Djuric. Gypsies of the World: A Journey into the Hidden World of Gypsy Life and Culture. New York: H. Holt, 1988.
Tong, Diane (Edited by). Gypsies: An Interdisciplinary Reader (Garland Reference Library of the Humanities) . New York: Garland Publishing. Inc. 1998.
Tong, Diane. Gypsy Folktales. New York: MJF Books. 1989.
Tong, Diane. Gypsies: A Multidisciplinary Annotated Bibliography . New York: Garland Publishing Company. 1995.
Tong, Diane. Gypsies: A Selected Bibliography (Central and Eastern Europe) 1992.
Trigg, Elwood B. Gypsy Demons and Divinities: The Magic and Religion of the Gypsies. Secaucus, NJ: Citadel Press. 1973.
Van de Port, Mattijs. Gypsies, Wars and Other Instances of the Wild: Civilization and Its Discontents in a Serbian Town(University of Michigan, 1998)
Vesey-Fitzgerald, Brian. Gypsies of Britain, 2nd edition (David and Charles Holdings Ltd., 1973)
Von Hausen, Wanja. Gypsy Folk Medicine. New York: Sterling Publishing Co., Inc. 1987.
Weyrauch, Walter O. Gypsy Law: Romani Legal Traditions and Culture (Sep 3, 2001)
Willems, Wim. In Search of the True Gypsy: From Enlightenment to Final Solution. London: Frank Cass Publishers. 1997.
Williams, Patrick and Catherine Tihanyi. Gypsy World: The Silence of the Living and the Voices of the Dead (Jun 15, 2003)
Wilson, Carol. Gypsy Feast: Recipes and Culinary Traditions of the Romany People (Hippocrene Cookbook Library) (April 2004)
Wood, Manfri Frederick. In the Life of a Romany Gypsy. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd. 1973.
Yoors, Jan. The Gypsies. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1967.
Yoors, Jan. The Heroic Present: Life Among The Gypsies
Yoors, Jan. Crossing: A Journal of Survival and Resistance in World War II(Waveland Press, 1988)
Yoors, Jan. The Gypsies of Spain(Macmillan, 1974)
Zabalza, Ramón. Gypsies Portrayed: Photographs and Reminiscences (PhotoVision, 1995)

In German 

Block, Martin Friedrich. Zigeuner: ihr Leben und ihre Seele, dargestellt auf Grund eigener Reisen und Forschungen; mit 99 Abbildungen und 64 Kunstdrucktafeln. Leipzig: Bibliographisches Institut, 1936. (nationalist socialist publication)
Daniel, Bartolomej, and Joachim Hohmann. Geschichte der Roma in Böhmen, Mähren und der Slowakei. New York: P. Lang, 1998. (history in Bohemia, Moravia, and Slovakia)
Giere, Jacqueline. Die gesellschaftliche Konstruktion des Zigeuners: zur Genese eines Vorurteils. New York: Campus Verlag, 1996. (history of stereotypes)
Hohmann, Joachim. Geschichte der Zigeunerverfolgung in Deutschland. New York: Campus Verlag, 1988. (history of their persecution, especially during the Holocaust)
Hohmann, Joachim. Handbuch zur Tsiganologie. New York: P. Lang, 1996. (scholarly study with an extensive bibliography)
Justin, Eva. Lebensschicksale artfremd erzogener Zigeunerkinder und ihre Nachkommen.” Ph.D. diss., Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat zu Berlin, 1943. (dissertation written based on the experiments performed on gypsy children by the Nazis)
Lucassen, Leo. Zigeuner: die Geschichte eines polizeilichen Ordnungsbegriffes in Deutschland, 1700-1945. Weimar: Böhlau, 1996. (history of their persecution)
Mayerhofer, Claudia. Dorfzigeuner: Kultur und Geschichte der Burgenland-Roma von der Ersten Republik bis zur Gegenwart. Wien: Picus, 1987. (their history in Austria)
Remmel, Franz, and Renate Erich. Die Roma Rumäniens: Volk ohne Hinterland. Wien: Picus, 1993. (their history in Romania)
Wippermann, Wolfgang. Wie die Zigeuner: Antisemitismus und Antiziganismus im Vergleich. Berlin: Elefanten Press, 1997. (their persecution)
Wolf, Siegmund A. Großes Wörterbuch der Zigeunersprache (romani tsiw): Wortschatz deutscher und anderer europäischer Zigeunerdialekte. Hamburg: H. Buske, 1993. (Romani – German dictionary)

Persecution under the Nazis

(various) The Gypsies during the Second World War (3 volumes)
Volume 1: From “Race Science” to the Camps
Volume 2: In the shadow of the Swastika
Volume 3: The Final Chapter
Alt, Betty Sowers, and Sylvia Folts. Weeping Violins: The Gypsy Tragedy in Europe. Kirksville, Mo.: Thomas Jefferson University Press, 1996.
Bauer, Yehuda. “Gypsies.” In Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, 634-638. New York: MacMillan, 1990
Bauer, Yehuda. “Gypsies.” In Anatomy of the Auschwitz Death Camp, edited by Yisrael Gutman and Michael Berenbaum, 441-455. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.
Burleigh, Michael, and Wolfgang Wippermann. “The Persecution of Sinti and Roma, and Other Ethnic Minorities.” In The Racial State: Germany, 1933-1945, 113-135. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
Cargas, Harry J. “The Continuum of Gypsy Suffering.” In Reflections of a Post-Auschwitz Christian, 75-90. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1989
Duna, William A., and Paul Polansky. The Hidden Holocaust of the Gypsies. Minneapolis: Sa-Roma, 1997.
Ficowski, Jerzy. “The Fate of Polish Gypsies.” In Genocide and Human Rights: A Global Anthology, edited by Jack Nusan Porter, 166-177. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, 1982.
Fings, Karola, Herbert Heuss, and Frank Sparing. From “Race Science” to the Camps: The Gypsies During the Second World War. England: University of Hertfordshire Press, 1997.
Friedlander, Henry. The Origins of Nazi Genocide: From Euthanasia to the Final Solution. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.
Friedman, Philip. “The Extermination of the Gypsies.” In Genocide and Human Rights: A Global Anthology, edited by Jack Nusan Porter, 151-157. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, 1982.
Greenville, John A.S. “Neglected Holocaust Victims: The Mischlinge, the Judischversippte, and the Gypsies.” In The Holocaust and History: The Known, the Unknown, the Disputed, and the Reexamined, edited by Michael Berenbaum and Abraham J. Peck, 315-326. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.
Hancock, Ian. Land of Pain: Five Centuries of Gypsy Slavery and Persecution. Buda, Tex.: World Romani Union, 1986.
Hancock, Ian. The Pariah Syndrome: An Account of Gypsy Slavery and Persecution. Ann Arbor: Karoma Publishers, 1987.
Hancock, Ian. “Responses to the Porrajmos: The Romani Holocaust.” In Is the Holocaust Unique?: Perspectives on Comparative Genocide, edited by Alan S. Rosenbaum, 69-95. Boulder, Col.: Westview Press, 2001.
Kenrick, Donald, and Grattan Puxon. The Destiny of Europe’s Gypsies. New York: Basic Books, 1972.
Kenrick, Donald, and Grattan Puxon. Gypsies under the Swastika. Hertfordshire, England: Gypsy Research Centre, University of Hertfordshire Press, 1995.
Lewy, Guenther. The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Lipa, Jiri. “The Fate of Gypsies in Czechoslovakia under Nazi Domination.” In A Mosaic of Victims: Non-Jews Persecuted and Murdered by the Nazis, edited by Michael Berenbaum, 207-215. New York: New York University Press, 1990.
Mailley, Kay. “The Non-Jewish Victims of the Holocaust: Is Their Suffering Forgotten?” Master’s thesis, Polytechnic Wolverhampton School of Humanities and Cultural Studies, 1992.
Megel, John. “The Holocaust and the American Rom.” In Papers from the Sixth and Seventh Annual Meetings, Gypsy Lore Society, North American Chapter, edited by Joanne Grumet, 187-190. New York: The Society, 1986.
Michalewicz, Bogumila. “The Gypsy Holocaust in Poland.” In Papers from the Sixth and Seventh Annual Meetings, Gypsy Lore Society, North American Chapter, edited by Joanne Grumet, 172-184. New York: The Society, 1986.
Milton, Sybil. “Holocaust: The Gypsies.” In Century of Genocide: Eyewitness Accounts and Critical Views, edited by Samuel Totten, William S. Parsons, and Israel Charny, 171-207. New York: Garland Publishing, 1997.
Müller-Hill, Benno. Murderous Science: Elimination by Scientific Selection of Jews, Gypsies, and Others: Germany, 1933-1945. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.
Rose, Romani, editor. The Nazi Genocide of the Sinti and Roma. Heidelberg: Documentary and Cultural Centre of German Sinti and Roma, 1995.
State Museum of Auschwitz-Birkenau, editor. Memorial Book: The Gypsies at Auschwitz- Birkenau. München: K.G. Saur, 1993
Stauber, Roni, and Raphael Vago. The Roma: A Minority in Europe: Historical, Political and Social Perspectives. Budapest: Central European University Press, 2007.
Thurner, Erika. National Socialism and Gypsies in Austria. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1998
Time-Life Books, editor. “A Plan for Persecuting Gypsies.” In The Apparatus of Death, 40-47. Alexandria, Va.: Time-Life Books, 1991
Tyrnauer, Gabrielle. “‘Mastering the Past’: Germans and Gypsies.” In Genocide and Human Rights: A Global Anthology, edited by Jack Nusan Porter, 178-187. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, 1982.
Wippermann, Wolfgang. “Christine Lehmann and Mazurka Rose: Two ‘Gypsies’ in the Grip of German Bureaucracy, 1931-60.” In Confronting the Nazi Past: New Debates on Modern German History, edited by Michael Burleigh, 112-124. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1996.
Wytwycky, Bohdan. The Other Holocaust: Many Circles of Hell. Washington, D.C.: The Novak Report on the New Ethnicity, 1980.
Yates, Dora E. “Hitler and the Gypsies.” In Genocide and Human Rights: A Global Anthology, edited by Jack Nusan Porter, 158-165. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, 1982.

This page was last checked for dead links on June 10, 2016.